Supermicro SYS-2049U-TR4 Review A 4P 2U Xeon Scalable Server

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Supermicro SYS-2049U-TR4 Performance

At STH, we have an extensive set of performance data from every major server CPU release. Running through our standard test suite generated over 1000 data points for each set of CPUs. We are cherry picking a few to give some sense of CPU scaling. We also had a fairly limited selection of Intel Xeon E-2100 series CPUs at launch to test in the server.

Python Linux 4.4.2 Kernel Compile Benchmark

This is one of the most requested benchmarks for STH over the past few years. The task was simple; we have a standard configuration file, the Linux 4.4.2 kernel from kernel.org, and make the standard auto-generated configuration utilizing every thread in the system. We are expressing results in terms of compiles per hour to make the results easier to read.

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P Linux Kernel Compile Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P Linux Kernel Compile Benchmark

As we would expect, the quad Intel Xeon Platinum 28 core setups perform the best. We were slightly limited in terms of the number of different CPU SKUs we had four of in the lab, but we still wanted to give some sense of performance for a few different options.

c-ray 1.1 Performance

We have been using c-ray for our performance testing for years now. It is a ray tracing benchmark that is extremely popular to show differences in processors under multi-threaded workloads. We are going to use our new Linux-Bench2 8K render to show differences.

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P C Ray 8K Benchmarks
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P C Ray 8K Benchmarks

Since these are all Intel Xeon CPUs of the same generation, this ends up being tied to the number of cores and the clock speed those cores are running at.

7-zip Compression Performance

7-zip is a widely used compression/ decompression program that works cross-platform. We started using the program during our early days with Windows testing. It is now part of Linux-Bench.

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P 7zip Compression Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P 7zip Compression Benchmark

One can see that the rate of change for decompression and compression speeds change in the range of these quad socket systems. This is not something that shows up as well on dual socket systems.

OpenSSL Performance

OpenSSL is widely used to secure communications between servers. This is an important protocol in many server stacks. We first look at our sign tests:

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P OpenSSL Sign Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P OpenSSL Sign Benchmark

And here are the verify results:

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P OpenSSL Verify Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P OpenSSL Verify Benchmark

These types of servers are often used as web front-ends so OpenSSL performance is important. Again, more cores are helping.

Chess Benchmarking

Chess is an interesting use case since it has almost unlimited complexity. Over the years, we have received a number of requests to bring back chess benchmarking. We have been profiling systems and are ready to start sharing results:

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P Chess Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P Chess Benchmark

Chess stresses all of the CPU cores well as it is a complex mathematical problem. There are some applications that need pure number crunching power.

GROMACS STH Small AVX2 Enabled

We have a small GROMACS molecule simulation we previewed in the first AMD EPYC 7601 Linux benchmarks piece. In Linux-Bench2 we are using a “small” test for single and dual socket capable machines. Our medium test is more appropriate for higher-end dual and quad socket machines. Our GROMACS test will use the AVX-512 and AVX2 extensions if available. On the Intel Xeon E-2100 series system, this is only AVX2 since the platform does not support AVX-512 like Intel’s higher-end Xeon Scalable parts.

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P GROMACS STH Small Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P GROMACS STH Small Benchmark

Here the Intel Xeon Platinum 8180 CPU option simply crushes. High TDP and plenty of execution units help tremendously.

STH STFB KVM Virtualization Testing

One of the other workloads we wanted to share is from one of our DemoEval customers. We have permission to publish the results, but the application itself being tested is closed source. This is a KVM virtualization based workload where our client is testing how many VMs it can have online at a given time while completing work under the target SLA. Each VM is a self-contained worker.

Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P STH STFB KVM Virtualization Benchmark
Supermicro SYS 2049U TR4 4P STH STFB KVM Virtualization Benchmark

The results here are not exactly linear, but it shows that one gets fairly solid scaling between the different CPUs. We are going to have more configurations that we will be releasing data for here shortly.

In the last part of our review, we are going to focus on power consumption and give our final thoughts. on the platform.

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REVIEW OVERVIEW
Design & Aesthetics
9.3
Performance
9.8
Feature Set
9.5
Value
9.8
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Patrick has been running STH since 2009 and covers a wide variety of SME, SMB, and SOHO IT topics. Patrick is a consultant in the technology industry and has worked with numerous large hardware and storage vendors in the Silicon Valley. The goal of STH is simply to help users find some information about server, storage and networking, building blocks. If you have any helpful information please feel free to post on the forums.

3 COMMENTS

  1. They maybe could have noticed that AMD has a socket called TR4 before they used that for their server designation…

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