QNAP TL-D800S Review An 8-Bay SATA JBOD DAS

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QNAP TL D800S Front 2
QNAP TL D800S Front 2

A few weeks ago, we took a look at the QNAP TL-D400S 4-bay DAS. Now, it is time to look at the 8-bay version, the QNAP TL-D800S. These high-performing DAS units use SATA connectivity rather than a USB 3 connection. Moreover, they are applicable to systems beyond just QNAP NAS devices. They can also be used in standard systems. We looked at the first system in the Everything Fanless Home Server Firewall Router and NAS Appliance piece. For our next system review coming later this week, we wanted to see if the 8-bay unit would work.

QNAP TL-D800S Review An 8-Bay SATA JBOD DAS

The JBOD itself looks a lot like a QNAP 8-bay 3.5″ NAS. One can see we get a very familiar layout.

QNAP TL D800S Front 1
QNAP TL D800S Front 1

One nice feature is that the drive trays are tool-less for 3.5″ drives. If they were not, it would mean 32 screws to get drives installed.

QNAP TL D800S Tool Less Drive Tray 1
QNAP TL D800S Tool Less Drive Tray 1

One strange thing is that the trays look similar, but were slightly different than the ones in the 4-bay QNAP TL-D400S. We are not sure why these could not be standardized.

Here is a shot at the SATA backplane.

QNAP TL D800S Backplane 1
QNAP TL D800S Backplane 1

Here is the rear of the chassis. On a NAS, the top left would be where the expansion slots would be, but that is blank in the JBOD version.

QNAP TL D800S Rear 1
QNAP TL D800S Rear 1

In terms of ports, we have two SFF-8088 ports. QNAP supplies two 1m SFF-8088 to SFF-8088 cables with the JBOD. 1m is also the maximum rated length of cables since this is SATA-only.

QNAP TL D800S Rear Ports 1
QNAP TL D800S Rear Ports 1

The JBOD can be used with other controllers, but it comes with a QNAP QXP-800eS-A1164. This is an 8-port external card with two SFF-8088 ports, each carrying four SATA lanes.

QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 3
QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 3

QNAP has a strange way of making this work with two ASMedia A1164 chips and then a PCIe switch.

QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 1
QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 Top

The ASM1164 is a fairly slow SATA controller, but it works in OSes like Linux and Windows out of the box.

QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 5
QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 5

Here is a block diagram of how this works. Each ASM1164 is a PCIe Gen3 x2 controller so there is less bandwidth between the controller and host than there is total on the SATA side (6.0Gbps x 4 = 24Gbps of SATA with 32Gb/s of back-haul bandwidth combined from the two controllers.

QNAP TL D800S And QXP 800eS A1164 Architecture
QNAP TL D800S And QXP 800eS A1164 Architecture

Here is the back of the card just for completeness.

QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 2
QNAP QXP 800eS A1164 2

We installed 18TB WD drives and they were seen immediately in Windows and Linux. Even with only 18TB drives, that is 144TB of raw capacity, a healthy figure.

QNAP TL D800S With 8x 18TB In Minisforum MS 01
QNAP TL D800S With 8x 18TB In Minisforum MS 01

Next, let us get to the performance.

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