AMD Ryzen 5 1600 AF Benchmarks
For this exercise, we are using our legacy Linux-Bench scripts which help us see cross-platform “least common denominator” results we have been using for years as well as several results from our updated Linux-Bench2 scripts. Starting with our 2nd Generation Intel Xeon Scalable benchmarks, we are adding a number of our workload testing features to the mix as the next evolution of our platform.
At this point, our benchmarking sessions take days to run and we are generating well over a thousand data points. We are also running workloads for software companies that want to see how their software works on the latest hardware. As a result, this is a small sample of the data we are collecting and can share publicly. Our position is always that we are happy to provide some free data but we also have services to let companies run their own workloads in our lab, such as with our DemoEval service. What we do provide is an extremely controlled environment where we know every step is exactly the same and each run is done in a real-world data center, not a test bench.
We are going to show off a few results, and highlight a number of interesting data points in this article.
Python Linux 4.4.2 Kernel Compile Benchmark
This is one of the most requested benchmarks for STH over the past few years. The task was simple, we have a standard configuration file, the Linux 4.4.2 kernel from kernel.org, and make the standard auto-generated configuration utilizing every thread in the system. We are expressing results in terms of compiles per hour to make the results easier to read:
We tried getting a sample set that crosses a decent spectrum of alternatives to give some anchor points. Some of the comparisons are a bit odd. For example, the AMD EPYC 7232P costs around 5x as much but enables a massively bigger and more robust platform. Likewise, the Intel Xeon Bronze 3206R is not the fastest Intel Xeon chip, nor one we recommend for performance, but it is the lowest cost part from the latest Big 2nd Gen Intel Xeon Scalable Refresh. The Intel Xeon Bronze 3204 is a closer price competitor but both have significantly more robust platforms.
c-ray 1.1 Performance
We have been using c-ray for our performance testing for years now. It is a ray tracing benchmark that is extremely popular to show differences in processors under multi-threaded workloads. We are going to use our 8K results which work well at this end of the performance spectrum.
Here we can see c-ray 8K results that are solid. Performance of AMD Zen, Zen+, and Zen 2 chips tend to be great on this type of benchmark.
7-zip Compression Performance
7-zip is a widely used compression/ decompression program that works cross-platform. We started using the program during our early days with Windows testing. It is now part of Linux-Bench.
As you are going to see, the Ryzen 5 1600 AF performs somewhere between a 4 core and a 6 core Intel Xeon E-2200 series processor. Again, the Xeon E-2200 series CPUs that bookend this performance cost twice as much if not more than that. The Intel CPUs also tend to perform better on the compression side but we have been sorting this benchmark by decompression speed for years.
NAMD is a molecular modeling benchmark developed by the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group in the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. More information on the benchmark can be found here. Here are the comparison results for the legacy data set:
With higher clock speeds, the Ryzen 5 1600 AF is able to compete well with single-die EPYC 3000 series processors such as the AMD EPYC 3251. If one moves up the stack to the AMD EPYC 3351 the sheer number of cores make the EPYC 3000 series faster.
Sysbench CPU test
Sysbench is another one of those widely used Linux benchmarks. We specifically are using the CPU test, not the OLTP test that we use for some storage testing.
Perhaps the most direct competition on the Intel side comes from the Core i3-9100F. That SKU does not have an GPU and has a similar cost. In its new 10th Gen Intel Core Series, Intel is raising the price of the Core i3 entry parts by 26% which will make them more expensive but with significantly higher performance due to hyper-threading.
OpenSSL is widely used to secure communications between servers. This is an important protocol in many server stacks. We first look at our sign tests:
Here are the verify results:
Here we can see results just below the Intel Xeon E-2244G. Intel’s higher clock speeds mean it is performing well here. The Xeon E-2244G is a $272 list price part but has an iGPU. Still, that is a massive price delta.
UnixBench Dhrystone 2 and Whetstone Benchmarks
Some of the longest-running tests at STH are the venerable UnixBench 5.1.3 Dhrystone 2 and Whetstone results. They are certainly aging, however, we constantly get requests for them, and many angry notes when we leave them out. UnixBench is widely used so we are including it in this data set. Here are the Dhrystone 2 results:
Here are the whetstone results:
Compared to embedded parts such as the Intel Xeon D-1541 and Intel Atom C3958 the Ryzen 5 1600 AF offers much of the same performance depending on the workload, but at a much lower cost. One trades BGA for a socket and higher TDP with the Ryzen part.
Chess is an interesting use case since it has almost unlimited complexity. Over the years, we have received a number of requests to bring back chess benchmarking. We have been profiling systems and now use the results in our mainstream reviews:
While we see a consistent performance uplift over the non-AF version, we can also see that the new AMD Ryzen 5 3600 is much faster in the ASRock Rack X470 platform. Overall, we think that most people in the market for a Ryzen server-style platform are going to find the AF more attractive since the price/ performance is a lot better. Of course, there is a lot of room to scale and the Ryzen 5 3600 starts showing where that scaling will start.
Next, we are going to take a look at some of the market dynamics before getting to our final words.