Using a 40GbE (QSFP+) NIC with a 10GbE Switch (SFP+)

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QSFP To SFP Converter In Mellanox ConnectX 3 Pro EN
QSFP To SFP Converter In Mellanox ConnectX 3 Pro EN

One question we get in our inbox regularly is how can you use a 40GbE (QSFP+) NIC with a 10GbE (SFP+) switch. Followers of STH will notice we stopped purchasing 10GbE (SFP+) network controllers in Q4 2016. As a result, we have started purchasing dozens of 40GbE (QSFP+) network adapters. One of the big drivers is cost as dual QSFP+ adapters are only around 100-150% more than dual SFP+ adapters for us. From time-to-time, in the DemoEval lab, we need to connect one of the machines onto our SFP+ switches.

Here is what you need for QSFP+ NIC to SFP+ switch

It turns out, there are adapters for converting a QSFP+ port to a SFP+ port. We tend to use Mellanox adapters since they are plentiful at around $35 each new (check Amazon) and $20 each used (check eBay.) Here is a quick overview of what the adapter looks like:

QSFP+ To SFP+ Converter Both Sides
QSFP+ To SFP+ Converter Both Sides

Using the adapter is very easy. You plug the larger QSFP+ adapter into the NIC and plug a smaller SFP+ into the adapter.

QSFP+ To SFP+ Converter In SFP+ Inserted
QSFP+ To SFP+ Converter In SFP+ Inserted

The benefit of this is that you can use existing SFP+ infrastructure without having to re-wire. When you swap to QSFP+ you can simply remove the adapter. For new machines in 2017 and forward, when we add additional NICs we plan to use these adapters regularly in infrastructure still on 10GbE switches.

QSFP To SFP Converter In Mellanox ConnectX 3 Pro EN
QSFP To SFP Converter In Mellanox ConnectX 3 Pro EN

What about a QSFP+ switch port to a SFP+ NIC?

This exact same method does work on most switches. We do not recommend using these QSFP+ to SFP+ converters on QSFP+ switches. The reason for this is that you can generally utilize either a QSFP+ to SFP+ DAC or a QSFP+ to 4x SFP+ breakout cable to achieve a similar result.

QSFP+ To SFP+ Breakout DAC
QSFP+ To SFP+ Breakout DAC

There are a few caveats to utilizing QSFP+ to SFP+ breakout cables. First, the switch ports must support this type of operation on the port you are trying to use it on. There are switches that do not support breakout cables. There are others that only support them on a limited set of ports. Second, these are generally messier to cable with since each SFP+ cable is the same length. Third, while there are optical breakouts, the copper breakout cables have limited DAC length runs.

Final Words

We hope this helps folks who may need to connect a QSFP+ NIC port to a SFP+ switch. The adapters are very easy to use and we have not run into cable coding issues thus far on our Arista, QCT and Mellanox switches. As 40GbE NICs continue to fall in price, having QSFP+ to SFP+ converters around is a cheap option to allow one to easily utilize existing SFP+ infrastructure.

1 COMMENT

  1. I want to connect two servers with QSFP+ directly without a switch in between. Are there crossover cables to do so?

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