Install OpenIndiana on ESXi 5.0 for All-in-One ZFS Server
Today we are looking at how-to install OpenIndiana on ESXi 5.0 in order to make an All-in-One ZFS server. The basic premise of this method is that one can utilize a virtual machine, passing through SAS controllers with VT-d or IOMMU to create a ZFS-based storage subsystem. Once this is done, it is fairly easy to install operating systems of one’s choosing and make the ZFS storage available to those virtual machines through the server’s high-speed ESXi networking. Another big advantage is that one can consolidate multiple servers into one box instead of having a separate NAS / SAN and virtual machine server. Recently we looked at how to install Illumian, another Illumios derivative, on ESXi for a similar purpose. One of the big advantages of OpenIndiana over the current Illumian version is the ability to use the high-performance VMXNET3 drivers. Let’s take a look at how to get this done quickly.
Again it is time to fire up my ESXi 5.0 test bed. If you want to read about the inexpensive, yet very powerful build, you can learn about the AMD Opteron 6128 ESXi server here.
- CPUs: 2x AMD Opteron 6128
- Motherboard: Supermicro H8DG6-F
- Memory: 8x 4GB Kingston unbuffered ECC 1333MHz DIMMs
- SSD: OCZ Vertex 3 120GB
- Power Supply: Corsair AX650 650w 80 Plus Gold
- Chassis: Norco RPC-450B
- Cooling: 2x Dynatron A1 G34 Coolers
- VMware ESXi 5.0
The first step in to install OpenIndiana is downloading the OpenIndiana ISO ready for the virtual machine. Go to http://www.openindiana.org and there is a link to download the ISO. Once you have the ISO downloaded, the next step is to get it onto the ESXi 5.0 machine. I add OS ISOs to the ESXi server just because I like keeping active ISOs there in the event I need them. First, select the data store on the server for the ISO.
Then upload the ISO to the VMware ESXi 5.0 datastore. This is a very simple process and the benefit is that if you ever have to re-install the server, everything will be in one place. The OpenIndiana server (text) installation ISO weighs in at under 500MB currently, so even on valuable mirrored RAID 1 SSD space this is under $1 of today’s SSD storage price to keep on the server.
Prepare the Virtual Machine to Install OpenIndiana
The next step to Install OpenIndiana on ESXi is to create a virtual machine for the OpenIndiana VM. I already have a guide, albeit with ESXi 4.1 on how to create a Virtual Machine for NexentaStore. Follow that guide and you should be in good shape but some minor differences may present themselves such as now having the ability to use a version 8 ESXi virtual machine.
Another key aspect is to ensure that you are using a Solaris 10 virtual machine type since OpenIndiana is based largely on OpenSolaris.
The next step once you have created the virtual machine is to mount the OpenIndiana ISO from the local datastore.
Note, I am using the OpenIndiana development ISO here. Once this is done I start the virtual machine and hit F2 to get into the VMware VM BIOS to make a few Boot changes. The big thing here is to ensure that the network controllers are last and the CD-ROM is first in the event that you want to boot later from an ISO, this helps.
Once this is done, hit F10 in the console and Save and Exit. The virtual machine will reboot, and you will see OpenIndiana’s pre-installation menus. This you will have to select for yourself but is very straightforward.
After navigating through the menus you will come to the OpenIndiana installation screen which looks a bit less colorful than Illumian’s installation screen. A very important thing to keep in mind for the VMware vSphere client console newbies that may be reading this, control + alt in windows will let your mouse escape. OpenIndiana is going to take a minute or two to install and it is a good opportunity to practice that skill.
Now that this is done, you are ready to install OpenIndiana. After I completed the installation, I decided that the installation file was going to be huge and is fairly easy so, I decided to just make that a quick video. If you are anxious to create an All-in-One ZFS server with OpenIndiana and VMware ESXi 5.0, then good news, the installation is very simple. For those that can wait, in a few days, it will be online.